Solution #1: Restore the SharePoint 2010 Navigate Up button
Solution 2: Add an always displayed site crumb trail
If you only need a crumb trail to be able to navigate back up to a parent site then we can add a site map control to the master page like this:
<span style="font-size:8pt;"> <asp:SiteMapPath id="ContentMap2" SkipLinkText="" NodeStyle-CssClass="ms-sitemapdirectional" runat="server"/> </span>
Edit your master page, search for "</h1>" and add the HTML above just below the "</h1>".
The result will look like this:
Solution 3: Add an always displayed site and folder crumb trail
See the link below for a nice solution that reuses the SharePoint:ListSiteMapPath control from the SharePoint 2010 Navigate Up control and reformats it into a single line.
The result looks like this:
- The author of that article was working with a Publishing feature Design Manager master page and wrapped the control inside of an HTML comment block. (<!-- -->) You will not need this for a non-publishing site master paged edited in SharePoint Designer.
- The article's sample CSS code needs to be placed inside of a linked CSS file or inside of style tags. <style type="text/css"> ,,, </style>
- To get the crumb trail display exactly where I wanted it I added it just after the "</h1>" tag in the master page and added this to the article's CSS:
Here's a project that adds a folder crumb trail to library web parts using JS Link: SharePoint 2013: Folder Navigation/Breadcrumb
http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/19713.sharepoint-2013-folder-navigationbreadcrumb.aspx and here: http://ranaictiu-technicalblog.blogspot.com/2013/07/sharepoint-2013-folder-navigation-for.html
The only disadvantage to this solution is that you need to make a change to every list/library/view web part.